Thursday, 26 October 2017

INFORMATION AND AWARENESS AS A CHALLENGE IN CLIMATE CHANGE AND ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION.

There is no doubt that technological advances in agriculture, industry, and transportation greatly improved man’s way of life.  However, these activities, while providing the raw materials for production of goods and services have also resulted in pollution of land, atmosphere, vegetation and rivers. (Okojie, 1991).
I do not need to regal you with our environmental condition or the current state of our climate condition; we are in a terrible woe. You can barely find a state in Nigeria that has not been affected by climate change or environmental degradation. As a nation we have not done well in tackling these challenges and if we must protect the only land on earth that we call our own, then we must rise up to this challenge.

The world has awaken to the deteriorating climatic and environmental condition, but yet Nigeria are still living like they have another planet to go to when this fails. If we must step up our fight against this challenge, then we must ensure open knowledge and intellectual freedom.

If we know more, then we can not only act right but we can also attract more. Knowledge and information is power. One of the basic challenges that have led to our current environmental condition can be traced to lack or information and intellectual captivity.
We’ll only see trinkets of result if we do not see the need for environmental education as a weapon that can be used to arouse people’s consciousness, positively change minds and attitudes and instill values and skills that can promote effective environmental management.

The public has the right to access environmental information held not just by public authority but every environmental related organisation and making information about the environment publicly available is essential for achieving sustainable development.

With access to environmental information, the people have full knowledge of the implications of their activities on the environment and are able to participate more effectively in decision a making process that affects the environment.

We commend all tiers of the government for their efforts in making environmental information public and dissemination of information and the various administration and their approaches to environmental protection but In spite of the remarkable progress made in providing environmental information, there are still substantial constraints to the effective management and development of the environment.
These include

1.      Uncoordinated policies and legal instruments,
2.      Weak data base,
3.      inadequate enforcement,
4.      Institutional conflicts,
5.      Inadequate and Untimely funding, and
6.      Lack of public awareness.

The crux of my discussion is on accessibility environmental information, It’s on this premise that I will like to say that chief among the Ministry of environment on all tiers, corporate bodies or NGO concerned with the environment and climatic condition should go ballistic on awareness.
Environmental awareness is a pre-condition for pro-environmental behaviour and sustainable environmental management.
Nigerians are very much aware of the environmental implication but most do not regard burning of fuel wood for household cooking as sources of environmental pollution, they do not believe that they have a role to play in the waste management process. Many do not concern themselves with reuse, recycle or reduce, they are basically ignorant about the huge potentials in waste.


A good percentage of  Nigerians are aware of environmental problems that directly affect them and their immediate environment e.g. health challenges, flooding, deforestation, desertification, but many are largely unaware of how their behaviours and actions might have contributed to global ecological changes.
Every Nigerian has a role to play in the waste management process, we all generate waste and we should be able to track it to proper dissemination or other purposes.
Every Nigerian should be aware that there are basically three categorisation of waste
1.      Non biodegradable (Takes time to decompose) e.g. plastic and iron related substances etc
2.      Biodegradable e.g. food waste, human and animal excretion and
3.      Hazardous waste e.g. Car batteries

These knowledge may not automatically produce a clean environment but it will certainly help Nigerians identify where they each fit into the management process and work accordingly.

Nigerians should all be flooded with adequate information that ignorance is no longer an excuse with our behaviors and actions and also the huge potentials and opportunity in waste.

There should be no dearth of information and awareness at any time and in all level. For example the huge potential in biodegradable waste is yet untapped. How can they be aware if many Nigerians do not know about Biogas, how they can generate it or biotechnology?
So what is Biogas?
What’s it used for?
How can it be generated?

a.       What is biogas?
b.      How is it better than the other gases
c.       Benefits of biogas
d.      How to generate biogas
e.       Uses of biogas
f.       Biodigester
g.      Construction  and maintenance
h.      Possibilities and potentials.

Stay with us and for the concluding part of this post next month.  



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